|Taekwondo Bible, Vol.2||
3-2-1. Ideal Low Pose
You can obtain the right way of lowering pose only when you build your good Samjae in your lowering pose. Your samjae refers to that of spirit inclusive of that of body. The samjae of mind is intention, sight and breath. The samjae of body is head, chest and lower abdomen, which are three centers; Haneul, Tang, and Saram.
Let me explain the samjae of spirit; intention, sight and breath. It is the bloody spirit that corrects your Taekwondo pose, which is the attacking mind.1) The Taekwondo motion is for suppressing your opponent by means of attack and defense, and this motion can be corrected naturally when you have the bloody spirit in your mind. The sight means you watch him; you see his eyes at first, so you see his mind. What see his mind ultimately is not your eyes but your mind. The breath refers to just closing Ki(閉氣).2)
To say the Samjae of body, that Haneul is high while Tang is low is its own proper place. Saram should be comfortable between them. So, when you lower your pose along the proper places of Samjae, you should bent your knees down lifting your head high and dropping your hip(lower abdomen) low. For these, you should not lower your spirit though you lower you pose, and you should make deep breath though you keep high spirit, and you preserve your calm sight among them.
But for the
neatly arranged Samjae you cannot build firm and precise technique. For "It
cannot be, when the root is neglected, that what should spring from it will
be well ordered."3) An Example of confused
locations of Haneul, Tang and Saram that is caused by the disordered Samjae
can be given in the case you keep high hip in spite of your low pose. In this
case you can be fell forth down only by your opponent's slight pull. And it
is difficult and not powerful to punch or kick from this pose. Particularly
you cannot be swift when you intend to move in any direction. This is that,
when the root is neglected, what should spring from it is in full confusion.
To stand in low pose is to rely on the structure of Bang(□), hence the firmness and the balance in standstill. What the firmness of Bang means is that you can obtain stability in changes as you support more than four points. In the low pose of Taekwondo those four points correspond to two feet, the downer stomach that depends on feet and the head on the trunk.4) In this course, if you can stand low with only one leg along the way of Haneul, you can advance changes with another, which we can say is the firmness in change. By contrary, if you fail to keep the correct position of Samjae in the standing pose, you will lose this firmness of Bang, which is due to that your lower stomach is too high to be supported by two feet and your head leans to fail to be supported by your lower stomach, losing its supporting points.
On the other, your low pose also enables you to concentrate your offense and defense easily, which means the stableness of your technique suppported by the meaning of Gak(△). Regard your head and the supporting leg as two points and the <Nal>5) of the offense and defense as one point, then you should concentrate your whole body between the head and the supporting leg on the <Nal> so that you can “hit the opponent with everything of yourself in your offense."(Ch. 34) But your high pose will deprive of this concentration. This is because the <Nal> of the offense and defense gets dull, which you can see in its appearance.
1) "when you attack the opponent you should thrust him
with your killing spirit at first, catch him with your piercing sight the next,
and then control him with your motion."(Ch.34)