|Taekwondo Bible, Vol.2||
4-4-5. Distance of Matbuteum
As Matbuteum is the end of technique, each Matbuteum differs according to each
technique. It means, distance differs. You as a Taekwondo man can penetrate
your opponent with this knowledge of distance, and control over him with it,
too. How can you do this?
Distance is what you can see. And it is objective. So the third parties can see it more easily. In Samjae Haneul(Heaven) and Tang(Earth) when united make distance, ¡°since the way of Haneul is to deposit every part of yours in its proper place and the way of Tang is to have your opponent opposed to the world where you are harmonized, you can always find the best distance of Taekwondo whenever unity of the both keeps each part of yourself in its own proper position with your opponent opposed to the world where you are harmonized.¡±(Ch.19) This is the reason why distance is most objective so that the third parties can see it more easily.
As this distance can be seen by eyes like this you can read the opponent's technique in it. For an example, if your opponent want the distance where you cannot reach him stretching an arm while you can hit him with a slight approach he is a boxer. If he draws back as you approach him by that distance he is a kicker, and if he wants closer distance than that of boxer he must be ready for the technique to grab you throwing or felling you down. This is how you know your opponent with the knowledge of distance. That is to say, ¡°when you know your opponent's distance you know what kind of attack he will make in whatever state and know how you should defend it, thus you know your opponent.¡±(Ch.20)
In addition to that, you can use this distance not only as a basic resource to read his intention but also as a primary weapon to deceive and suppress down him. For, if he reads your intention by distance you can deceive him of your intention by means of deceiving the distance, thus you can deceive him of your technique and weapon. This is to deceive him with your distance, and futhermore, to control over him with it. In this manner, the deceit itself being the strongest weapon, if you were a Taekwondo man who can read your opponent you must prohibit yourself from approaching an opponent of whom the distance you cannot read. Hence it is said you should use distance as a weapon.