|Taekwondo Bible, Vol.2||
In elements of technique the way of Tang is exactness. How should it be exact? When I say a technique is exact I mean the motion is appropriate for the intention. It means, the motion has <Sae> and <Nal>.
What are <Sae> and <Nal>? "It is the sseuim-sae that is the technique or method of how to control over the opponent with a motion protecting yourself, i.e. the principle of organizing motions in poomsae. So it is the meaning of each motion in poomsae; what is this motion for. And, just as the sharp edge of a knife is necessary to cut something power in motion of poomsae is also necessary to fell down and suppress your opponent when you perform the motions along the way of sseuim-sae, and this power is the sseuim-nal."(Ch.51) Each of these Sseuim-sae and Sseuim-nal is called <Sae> and <Nal> respectively, in brief. "Taekwondo poomsae is a sparring with such imaginary opponent"(Ch.49) and "the established pattern of right motions, focused on techniques, that every Taekwondo man should follow in most general situations,"(Ch.49) so <Sae> and <Nal> of poomsae are verily each of technique.
<Sae> and <Nal> of techniques can be obtained only when you become proficient in them in good condition with full understanding. In order to get <Sae> and <Nal> of each technique you should understand how it can be a technique for offence and defence of Taekwondo, which means you understand how the principle of Kang-Yu works in the motion. On the other hand, to become proficient in them in good condition is to get skilled in them along the ways of Samjae. There are several steps for you according to your situation.
The first step is to repeat the motion by yourself. Then you should get experience of using the technique with your opponent. This is the step for adaptation. In the third step you should try to apply it to actual cases. For the last you should repeat the entire process appropriately, achieving its invisible factors completely. By the way, as "boundless changes and applications of each Taekwondo motion are possible along this center of basics"(Ch.54) it is necessary for you to master basic motions for the sake of exact technique. Since "it is basic of Taekwondo that makes you able to control over the opponent adapting yourself with no mistake in unexpected emergent situations"(Ch.54) you can get the exact technique only through the training of the right basic motions.
If you want to learn techniques in exact way, you should practice and get skilled in basic motions paying attention to three points. I mean, the three points you have to keep in your mind doing the practice of basic motions are; "distinctness, accordance and stableness."(Ch.55) In addition to that, "in order to get all that you have to keep in basic motions you should perform them with three teachings: big movement, the low centroid and accordance with breathing."(Ch.55)
"Ultimately it is Taekwondo man's mind that rules" <Sae> and <Nal> in one,(Ch.51) so you should keep confidence in your mind to get the exact technique. If you cannot be confident of your controlling over your opponent although you've learned technique, it tells you lack its proficiency, while if you are not confident after proficiency, it tells you lack the exactness of techniques.