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Taekwondo Bible, Vol.2  
6. Ilgiyae

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6-9. Big Three

The distinctive factors of Taekwodo can be analyzed as three of distance, tide and balance, each of which consists of compositions among the ways of Haneul(heaven), Tang(earth) and Saram(man); Haneul and Tang when united make distance; Haneul and Saram when united make tide; and Tang and Saram when united make balance.(Ch.19) That is to say, each of three pairs of Samjae makes distance, tide or balance. This implicates same thing as was meant by saying These big Three make Six1) in Cheon Bu Kyeong. On the other hand, it was also taught in I Ching: The <Yeok> is a book of wide comprehension and great scope, embracing everything. There are in it the way of heaven, the way of man, and the way of earth. It then takes (the lines representing) those three Powers, and doubles them till they amount to six. What these six lines show is simply this, - the way of the three Powers.2)

Each of three pairs among the ways of Haneul, of Tang, and of Saram makes distance, tide or balance, which are six in total. This is the Big Three at the same time. If you know only the ways of Haneul, Tang and Saram, as it is too simple and ambiguous, you have difficulties to understand every change. With more knowledge of distance, tide and balance, however, you can recognize the invisible framework in motion in detail and comprehensively.3) And, distance, tide and balance can be generated because it is based on Samjae, which is dependent upon the formless One again. This formless One is verily Ilgiyae, so if you lose rhythm, breath and temperance as Ilgiyae you cannot get the control of distance, tide and balance.4)


<footnotes>

1) ݬ衹, "߲".
2) APPENDIX III, Section II, Chapter X, 63. , , Գ, Գ, Գ. ߲, ͺ, , ު?, ߲Գ.
3) õΰ濡 ū Ͽ Ǿ[߲] ϰ, , ȩ []̴. ȭ ܳٴ Ѵٸ, ֿ ȱ 64 Ǹ 64 ȭ ǥϴ Ͱ ġ ִ. ؿ ϰ, , ȩ , , ϴ ̴. ϰ, , ȩ ȭ ϴ 繰 ϴ ̸ ̸ , , ϴ 繰 ٽ ǥѴ. ±ǵ <>̹Ƿ ڰ ϴ. м ڰ ʿ 쵵 ̹Ƿ д.
4) In a consideration from another point of view I can say you get the ways of Haneul, Tang and Saram with distance, tide and balance. Thus we can understand "߲" of Cheon Bu Kyeong as that the unified Samjae is divided into six formless factors of technique.

 

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