7-3-2. Condition of Kang-technique
In order to accomplish concentration you should cower your entire body down
when you move. This Cowering is the first condition of Kang-technique in Taekwondo.
This cowering is in itself the concentration of all parts of your body. Therefore,
also in the maneuver “그 역량이 집중되면 승리하고, 분산되면 패배한다. 수비할 때에 병력을 조밀하게 배치하면 수비력이
견고해지고, 공격할 때에 대오의 간격을 적당히 산개시키면 행동이 자유로와 승리할 수 있다.”1)
Of the same reason you as a Taekwondo man can win with concentration of strength
and technique yet will be defeated with them scattered. Since this cowering
also ought to include its temperance and great mean, however, you must not contract
your body too much lest you feel uncomfortable to move under restriction by
yourself. This is the free cowering, which is different from the shrinking.
The foundation of cowering is to lower your pose. Lowering your pose like this
you should at once deposit Samjae in its adequate position to have your entire
body at ease. You can get this easiness following the way of Haneul. 곧 병력을 조밀하게
배치하면서도 대오의 간격을 적당히 산개시키는 것과 같은 이치이다.
Shrinking has similar apprearance to that of the cowering. The cowering, however,
comes from mastery of the principle, pose and technique, while the shrinking
comes from excessive fear for the opponent and excessive defense of yourself.
How can you avoid this shrinking? It's possible if you get skilled in basic
motions following the ways of Samjae.
The second condition of Kang-technique is possession of weapons to concentrate.
The process of training to get them is called "Hardening." Training
permeates your life through you, and at the same time your entire life forms
you while you also determine your Taekwondo in the moment, conversely. Thus
daily training come to be concentrated through hardening on a moment of your
Kyorugi. This is also the principle of Kang.
This hardening is verily the process of obtaining the weapon, so it is for
strength, flexibility and swiftness.2) And
the hardening of strength can be divided into those of muscle and of skeleton.
“The right training of Taekwondo
is that you master techniques in training for your body and complete your spirit
in having those techniques perfect, then, get <Do> over distinctions in
this entire process.”(Ch.55) Therefore, no hardening then no beginning of
Taekwondo training, and, if ever, its foundation cannot help being weak. After
all, you cannot use the hardness nor sharpness of Kang-technique because any
is so weak.3)
1) 『尉?子』, 兵令上第二十三, “"專一則勝, 離散則敗, 陣以密則固, 鋒以疏則達.”
2) Refer to Chapter 42 of PPT.
3) Because it is so natural that Taekwondo requires hardening that it has been
rather ignored often.