7-9. Kang-Yu and Yin-Yang
Kang and Yu are by themselves the categories that classifies largely kinds
of technique of Taekwondo and martial arts. At the same time, they are also
the methodology to suggest intro-subjective methods of using all kinds of Taekwondo
technique. By the way, why do I adopt not the concepts of 'Yin-Yang' but of
'Kang-Yu' to explain Taekwondo techniques?
Every technique of Taekwondo is in motion and in change by its nature. I believe,
therefore, it is more advantageous to classify them with Kang-Yu in consideration
of its changefulness. The conceptualization of Kang-Yu depends upon distinctions
over entities already, hence it has same foundation as Yin-Yang. But what is
referred by it is not a thing objectified with concrete distinction but the
kinds of change; for and against; and appearing and disappearing, which is why
I refer not to Yin-Yang but to Kang-Yu.
What is it that is mentioned by referring to Kang-Yu? It is the way of mind
control. Thus its name is "Kibeop"(Beop of technique). And what is
Kang-Yu? It is the mysterious subtlety of change. Thus it is now Kiyae(the art
of technique, namely skill) Therefore, Kang and Yu is the principle of offense
and defense, and “offense or defense
is delivering minds to each other between you and your opponent. Hands and feet,
body and weapon mediate this interaction. Nothing can be Taekwondo without offenses
and defenses, and the Taekwondo stops being what it is right away without delivering
Taekwondo begins as a technique and ends as a technique too. Its technique
is separated from its mind at first only, but they joins at the end. Therefore,
we come to mention <Oneness of Haneul and Tang in Saram> again. Since
intrinsically the mind is root of everything,1)
it was also said in the Dharmapada: “Everything is chieftained by our thought,
is made up of our thoughts. If man speaks or acts with pure thought, happiness
follows him in consequence like a shadow that never leaves him.”2)
The substance of man(Saram) is also his mind, so with unification of mind and
technique the way of Haneul and the way of Tang join each other in what he intends
to do. “The ultimate reality of
Taekwondo is nothing but the mind.”(Ch. 43)
Accordingly, but for your mind in your Taekwondo training, the training cannot
be a right one, and but for your mind in your technique it cannot make its effect.
In the unification of technique and mind you can get the <Oneness of Haneul
and Tang in Saram>. This is the Ilgiyae as TAEKWONDO.
1) 「天符經」, 本心本.
2) Dharmapada. 2. (心爲法本) 心尊心使 中心念善 卽言卽行 福樂自追 如影隨形.