Leading through One Way to Both Life and Death
"It seems techniques of Taekwondo are too dangerous."
"......Then they are not."
The center of the opponent, which your attack should head for, is united with the principle of everything in man's body and spreads into many parts, which can be divided according to the distinction of Samjae, Yin and Yang, and In and Out.
When saying the centers spread all over your body it can refer to those sorts of KyongRaks1) in Korean medical science, for they are the centers of your attack in Taekwondo, thus they are the centers of the opponent's life and motions. Here we can see that the medicine and Taekwondo are interrelated to each other and also that the ways to kill and to save a man are same. Who would deny its mysteriousness! This sort of principle is originally based on that the contradiction that the ultimate whole contains each part and the ultimate part also includes the whole implies a constant tension, which is another aspect of the life. This constant tension is the infinite source supporting life's growth and also creating endless threats against life. The life already has lethal weapon in its core.
We can discern the centers according to Samjae(Sky, Earth and Man). The head, which controls every motion with your will, is the center of Sky. The abdomen, which creates the your vigor as the earth is the mother of everything, is the center of Earth. And the breast, which expresses vitality between Sky and Earth, is the center of Man. There are spots in the middles of those three, where vitality converges, so each of them has been called respectively up-Danjon, middle-Danjon and down-Danjon. These are also important vulnerable spots.
Sky is the subject of controlling every change, thus you can catch your opponent's motion when you catch his center of Sky. Earth is the origin of nutrients required for growth of everything, thus you can catch his your opponent's vigor when you catch his center of Earth. And Man is the owner of his life, thus you can catch his vitality when you catch your center of Man. Therefore, when you have your head hurt you fell down out of consciousness losing every movement. And when you are struck on your abdomen you lose all of your vigor and strength to collapse. And when you get a shock on your solar plexus the pain prevents your breath and movement right away. On the other hand, to the contrary, the center of Sky is sensitive to a change so that it is difficult to catch it. The center of Earth is hidden deep in his pose so that it is difficult to reach. And the center of Man is protected by two arms and spinning body so that it is difficult to catch it even if it were to be reached.
A center is located in the midst of a thing so that it is
naturally hidden by its surface. However, everything has the path to its
center on its surface and the whole and each part of life are closely interrelated
to each other so that the center shows itself outward along
The system of important KyongRaks are grouped into Jeonggyong 12 maeks3) and Kigyong 8 maeks,4) and all of them are again according to Yin and Yang. The yin is the hidden under shade while the yang is the exposed in the light, so Jeonggyong 12 maeks, which belong to yang, show itself outward running along the ki-hyol and jeongmaeks interrelate the changes of inside and outside, while Kigyong 8 maeks, which belong to yin, is hidden inside and not extinctively related to a particular department, managing all of physiological operations.
A yang kyongrak is exposed while a yin kyongrak is hidden. Just as the core of a toy top manages its spinning so is it natural that the center of a thing controls its changes. Thus, what manages a change is hidden inside close to its center under shade to be yin kyongrak while what is exposed outside in contact with other things presenting its changes on the surface becomes yang kyongrak. Therefore, each of Kigyong 8 maeks manage the changes of vitality that comes from its breaks and connections and its strong and weak, while each of Jeonggyong 12 maeks, to the contrary, show them outward and they deliver the shocks from outside to inside so that Kigyong 8 maeks accept them, which influence man.
Jeonggyong 12 maeks exposed outside are spread all over each part of man's body making vital points in many spots, for the vitality runs along the kyongrak stopping on each vital points. When categorized in its yin and yang, Jeonggyong 12 maeks make yin kyongraks as they spread on insides of man's arms and legs while they make yang kyongraks as they spead on their outsides. Yin kyongraks concern operations of 5 viscera6) while yang kyongraks of 6 entails.6) The 5 viscera, under influence of yang kyongraks, continues their operation with no break while 6 entails sometimes work but sometimes stop. For the center of everything which continuously manages its changes has the nature of being hidden while what is exposed outwardly results from the changes of works and breaks in the harmony of never stopping inner change. Instead, a yang kyongrak is so far from the core of life as it can have much breaks while a yin kyongrak is closer, therefore, you can get more control over your opponent if you reached the vital points on the yin kyongrak.
When vitality stops to be a Hyol, it avoids somewhere firm and hard yet seeks somewhere soft and flexible, avoids cold spots yet seeks warm ones, avoids plain places yet seeks rugged ones, and avoids a lumped spot yet seeks a valley between lumps. These are due to that vitality is the generative power of a life, which flows along the continuous changes.
The hard is more difficult to change for itself than the soft. And since each of change and warmness refers to different aspect of a thing a life seeks warm spots, while since a change stands out of the shape it avoids lumps. Thus a soft lies between a hard and a hard, a staying weak lies between a flow and a flow, and a weak lies between a strong and a strong, and all of these are the principles that rule the structure of a life's body. And this is also the appearance of Nature's body itself. If you see in the right way, your eyes can find the weak points on your opponent with ease, and unless you move against the right principles your attacks can reach his weak points so naturally as water by its nature flows down to gather in a low hole.
1) "KyongRak" is a sort of way along which
Ki move all around the man's body. 'Rak' of "Kyong-Rak"
means a flow or a way of flow. KyonRak connects almost vital points
'Hyol' to one another in a flowing line, showing indirectly how those
Hyols are interrelated and they influence one another. They also represent
how inner organs are and they operates, so a traditional Korean medical
doctor can recognize the inner state of a patient checking only KyongRak.
2) Hyol refers to those vital points on man's body(or all kinds of animal body) which can be the paths to inner organic operations of a life. In martial arts hyol is a vital point, which cause a sudden death with a severe shock on it. Hyol is also a region of acupuncture and connected with one another along KyongRak. The solar plexus, eyes, perpendicular furrow and so on are all examples of Hyol.
3) Jeonggyong 12 maeks are branches of outer KyongRak. They are called such as since they are constituted of 12 branches of outer KyongRak. Almost all Hyol (vital points) are located on these Jeonggyong 12 maeks. (See About JeongGyong 12 Maeks)
4) Kigyong 8 maeks are branches of inner Kyongrak. They are called such as since they are constituted of 8 branches. They are more important in Ki-gong(training of Ki) rather than in medical cure. (See About KyGyong 8 Maeks)
5) 5 viscera refer to the liver, the heart, the spleen, the lung and the kidneys.
6) 6 entails refer to the stomach, the large intestine, the small intestine, the gall, the bladder and three functions of breathing, digestion and urinary functions. The last, i.e. three function is called "Sam-cho" in Korean, and has no anatomical substance so that it can cause difficulty. Any way, these 6 entails with 5 viscera have been an important conception for understanding human physiology in oriental medical science.