"The harmonious composition
of Samjae; Haneul, Tang, and Saram is change, however, since the Samjae is originally
only one all changes are same as one."(Ch.13) Therefore, the fundamental
principle of every martial art is nothing but only TAEKWONDO. And since all
changes are same as one, it is called "Ilgiyae".
"has neither outward appearance nor its substance, neither its beginning
nor its ending and it has neither up and down nor all directions; its both inside
and outside are empty so that you can see nowhere it is not, or nothing it doesn't
"Thus you, when enlightened,
put all of yours in a change through swift footwork hiding under naturality
of the world and erases your opponent in your sight. At the same time, you should
keep everything of yours in the calmness like darkness with nothing disheveled,
so that you put yourself in immutability of the world up to your nonbeing, which
refers to following the way of Sky, stated above. On the other hand, you, when
enlightened, can get supremacy over the strong opponent with less power because
you soak into the change he intends, not fighting it, controlling it from inside,
so that his own changes destroy himself. That is, he is destroyed by his own
power, which is the following the way of Earth. All of these are to be found
in the not losing yourself with coming back to your own position, which means
the very following the way of Man. You can begin these three kinds of following
in concentration of your mind into one with no idle thought."(Ch.13)
Confucians said of this, "the way of Heaven and Earth may be completely
declared in one sentence. - They are without any doubleness, and so they produce
things in a manner that is unfathomable."2)
Since it is just one it is without any doubleness, and at the same time, since
it also has manyness it produce things in a manner that is unfathomable. To
say it differently, "the one moves thousand times with its use changeful
yet its substance unchangeable."3) It
is exactly the meaning of Ilgiyae.
This true figure of TAEKWONDO has been since the oldest time although its name
has ever been changed. Thus, for the instruction of this truth, it has been
said "How great the god's true principle is! As it is one yet also three
its substance is what cannot be better and its use is what cannot be exhausted."4)
1) ¡¸ß²ìéãêÍÎ¡¹, 1 ÇÏ´Ã °¡¸£Ä§[ô¸ýº]: ô¸Ùíû¡òõ, ÙíÓ®çÒ, Ùíß¾ù»ÞÌÛ°, úÈúÈÍöÍö, ÙíÜôî¤, ÙíÝÕé». In
the text of Sam Il Sin Go(ß²ìéãêÍÎ), its subject is "Haneul", which though
doesn't mean that of Samjae but the <Do> of Lao Tzu or <Beop> of
2) The Doctrine of the Mean, 26-07 ô¸ò¢ñýÔ³ Ê¦ìéåëì»ò×å¥ ÐìêÓÚª ÝÕìÃ öÎÐìßæÚª ÝÕö´.
3) ¡¸ô¸Ý¬Ìè¡¹, ìéÙØæâ Ø¿èÙØ¿ÕÎ éÄÜ¨ÜôÔÑÜâ.
4) ¡¸¼ÂÀ» ¸ðÀº ±Û(üåß²Ìè)¡¹, 1 ¼¼°Ë: ÓÞî£, ãêñýÔ³å¥, ñíìéñíß², ô÷ñý, ì»Ó¹Ùíß¾, éÄñý, ì»ÏãÙíçÒ.