6-5. Virtuousness, Wisdom and
cannot be obtained only from mere fast movements or getting skilled to motions
in much training. If you want to get the constant Ilgiyae,
so as to get TAEKWONDO, in many of the kaleidoscopic techniques you ought to
possess three kinds of wise mind. They are virtuousness, wisdom and courage.
Therefore, Confucius also said; ¡°The wise are free from perplexities; the virtuous
from anxiety; and the bold from fear.¡±1)
[Virtuousness] What is the virtuousness? As it has been said, ¡°as a
general rule, it is not virtuous though you might confer unless adequate to
consideration,¡±2) the virtuousness is to confer
broad favor adequately to consideration. To confer adequately to consideration
is to love people widely, knowing what you ought to do and what you ought not
do. Because you love people widely you come to confer broad favor to benefit
everyone widely[ûðìÌìÑÊà](Ch. 17),
and because you know what you ought to do and what you ought not do your behavior
fall in adequacy to consideration. Therefore, to the question of what is the
virtuousness Confucius answered it's ¡°love for man,¡±3)
and about the way to love man he answered it is ¡°not to do to others as you
would not wish dome to yourself.¡±4)
On the other hand, Lao Tzu said: ¡°Weapons are instruments of evil, not the
instruments of a good ruler. When he uses them unavoidably, he regards calm
restraint as the best principle. Even when he is victorious, he does not regard
it as praiseworthy, for to praise victory is to delight in the slaughter of
men. He who delights in the slaughter of men will not succeed in the empire,¡±5)
and this can be understood as an explanation about the virtuousness closer to
It is possible to confer broad favor as you don't distinguish while it is possible
to consider as you distinguish. Doing the both you go beyond the boundary of
distinction and nondistinction. Thus you reach the total rightness. The rightness
is what the way of Haneul means totally. Therefore the virtuousness is the character
of following the way of Haneul.
[Wisdom] What is the wisdom? As it has been said, ¡°it is not wise though
you might cut out unless adequate to measure,¡±6)
the wisdom is to be able to distinguish each thing adequately to its appropriate
use. To cut out is to discriminate, thus to distinguish, and as it is distinguished
adequately to measure it is the acme of distinction. By the way it is what the
way of Tang means totally to distinguish what is right and what is wrong. Therefore
the wisdom is the character of following the way of Tang.
You can never get this wisdom unless you think. ¡°Let a fool month after month
eat his food with the tip of Kusa grass; nevertheless he is not worth the sixteenth
part of those who have well understood the law.¡±7)
Therefore you ought to think over and over again in training. And then, you
should be able to go beyond every kind of thought. No thinking of this kind
no going beyond your thought. So while truth is simple you come to get it by
way of difficult thinking. But ¡°persons of dull capacity and small wisdom, who
are attached to appearances, proud and overbearing, are incapable of believing
in this Law.¡±8)
[Courage] What is the courage? As it has been said, ¡°it is not courageous
though you might act unless adequate to estimate,¡±9)
the wisdom is to distinguish what is right or wrong enforcing yourself to do
what is right. Its another name is verily the bravery. The character to enforce
yourself to right things is called uprightness. Therefore, emphasizing the importance
of this courage Confucius said, "Man is born for uprightness. If a man
lose his uprightness, and yet live, his escape from death is the effect of mere
It is what Taekwondo pursues innately to increase courage in training of Taekwondo,
thus it is the inner figure of Taekwondo. This is immediately connected to what
you intend to do, so you can get it only after your active enforcement. That
is, it is what the way of Saram means totally. Therefore the courage is the
character of following the way of Saram.
In this way you can possess the character of Taekwondo man in the oneness of
vituousness, wisdom and courage. And only then you can get TAEKWONDO. Hence
it was said; ¡°the virtuous man is like the archer, the wise man the fisherman,
and the courageous man the rider. The archer always cares his exactness, the
fisherman his observation, and the rider his carefulness, so it is the utmost
of his way to reach the ease through his own steady mastery.¡±11)
1) Confucian Analects, LY0929 íèØ, "ò±íºÜôûã, ìÒíºÜôéØ, é¸íºÜôÏ«."
2) ¡¸¼ÂÀ» ¸ðÀº ±Û(üåß²Ìè)¡¹, 2: Üýã¿ÝÕîêÕá, ÞªìÒå¥.
3) Confucian Analects, LY1222 ÛàòÀÙýìÒ. íèØ, "äñìÑ."
4) Confucian Analects, LY1202 ñêÏáÙýìÒ. íèØ, "õóÚ¦åýÌ¸ÓÞÞ¹, ÞÅÚÅåýã¯ÓÞð®. Ðùá¶Üôé°, Ú¨ã¿åÚìÑ."
5) Lao Tsu, Tao Te Ching, 31Àå, Ü²íº, ÜôßÔñýÐï, ÞªÏÖíñýÐï,
ÜôÔðì«ì»éÄñý, Ò¸Ó¿êÓß¾, ãì»ÜôÚ¸, ì»Ú¸ñýíº, ãÀÕ¥ß¯ìÑ, ÜýÕ¥ß¯ìÑíº, öÎÜôÊ¦Ôðò¤åÚô¸ù»ëø,
6) ¡¸¼ÂÀ» ¸ðÀº ±Û(üåß²Ìè)¡¹, 2: î®ÝÕñéÓøÞªòª.
7) ¹ý±¸°æ, 70. ðôêÅò¸åÚêÅ é×íºéÄëæãÝ ù¨ÜôãáåÚÝÖ ä¨ë»Üôüòìé.
8) ¡ºÛöü¤Ìè¡» ±¸ÀÎ»çº» 2Æí Expedient Means 62, ÔïÐÆá³òªìÑÀÎ ó·ßÓÎöØ·íº´Â ÜôÒöãáãÀÛöÇÏ³ª´Ï. ¿µ¹®ÆÇ p.44
9) ¡¸¼ÂÀ» ¸ðÀº ±Û(üåß²Ìè)¡¹, 2: ú¼ÝÕöàÏí, Þªé¸å¥.
10) Confucian Analects, LY0619 íèØ, "ìÑñýßæå¥òÁ, ØÒñýßæå¥ú¹ì»Øó."
11) ¡¸¼ÂÀ» ¸ðÀº ±Û(üåß²Ìè)¡¹, 2: ìÒíº, åýÞÒ, òªíº, åýðå, é¸íº, åýåÙ. à¼ÞÒíº, Ùâù÷ïá, à¼ðåíº, Ùâùöãû, à¼åÙíº, Ùâùöãå,