7-7. Entirety of Offense and Defense
The entirety of offense and defense is nothing but the technique of Kang-Yu.
Sun Tzu said; “the crux of military operations lies in your pretence of accommodating
one's self to the designs of the enemy followed by concentration of your forces
against the enemy. Then from a distance of a thousand Li you can kill his general.
This is described as the ability to attain one's aim in an artful and ingenious
manner.” Not only concerned with military operations. All the same also concerned
with Kyorugi of Taekwondo, so you should deceive your opponent along the way
of Saram accommodating yourself to his designs with concentration your strength
on his blind point. This way you can control over bigger opponent with dextrous
Therefore you should control over your opponent's Kang-gi(technique) with your
softness while his Yu-gi(technique) with your hardness and quickness. How is
it possible? “The ways the hard
and the soft win each other are like the followings. The soft can wrap and lead
the hard only when each of its parts cooperates with another in a whole motion.
Cutting down this whole the hard can suppress down the soft. On the other hand,
the hard should adapt itself along what the will intends. Leading the direction
the soft can keep the hard opposed to the world.”(Ch.41) “After
all, the subject who controls or who is under a control is the man who uses
the hardness and the softness, yet is not the hardness or the softness itself.”(Ch.41)
Sometimes a Kang-gi is controled over by the harder and a Yu-gi by the softer,
but they are not apt for being called as techniques. They are surpassing the
opponent's mind and body with the superiority of your strength and better condition
and no more. Thus they cannot be regarded as the essence of TAEKWONDO.
Therefore, when you block the opponent's jireugi, if you do that in the right
way along the ways of Samjae, you don't have to hurry up yet to be timely and
nor you have to use your strength yet to deliver bigger impact with so big pain
to him who was blocked. Here, you can be timely because you follow his hurrying
motion confusing it with your temperate rhythm, and in addition, you can make
him feel bigger pain and impact because you “make little movement big relying
on <Do>”(Ch.36) concentrating on his weak part. With a Yu-gi added to
it you can reduce the impact as you intend yet ruining his balance all the more,
which is the technique of “Redirection not interference and/ Attaining victory
using the/ Opponent's own power.”2)
Your opponent may also be able to use the techniques of Kang-Yu, then how can
you not be controlled by him but can get control over him by the same principle?
You can be the controller with the three kinds of right mind of virtuousness,
wisdom and courage in steady training.
1) Sun Tsu, The Art of War, 九地篇第十一, 故爲兵之事, 在於順詳敵之意, 幷敵一向,
2) "That I Clench My Fist", 7.