Temperance is not only the key factor of technique but also that of etiquette.1)
Confucius said, "To subdue one's self and return to propriety, is perfect
virtue. If a man can for one day subdue himself and return to propriety, all
under heaven will ascribe perfect virtue to him."2)
It implicates the essence of self-discipline is also the temperance.
Temperance is same with the Great Mean, which refers to avoiding its extremities
with appropriate balance. Therefore, temperance is not asceticism. Asceticism
is to press down what you are endowed with inherently, so this also, if excessive,
can collapse your balance ruining you. This sort of excessive asceticism is
nothing but a good appearance with its lost essence of temperance.
Your Taekwondo come to be weighty with temperance achieved. It is said to be
'weighty' because once it moves, though it seldom moves, it has big power. If
you force yourself, however, to get this weightiness your Taekwondo will be
rather stiffened, which is because natural weightiness is temperance while the
weightiness forced just results in slowness.
also in your conversation with another person, if you express your opinion in
a temperate dialogue and gesture, your behavior will be natural, moreover, with
the implicit power to persuade him. If someone, however, tries to imitate it
with artificial weightiness he will be merely hypocritically authoritative only,
yet will fail to be persuasive and impressive. Likewise, also in your Kyorugi
of Taekwondo with your opponent, if you perform only necessary motions waiting
for his blind points he will recognize you are a formidable competitor to surpass
even when you don't move, whereas if you force yourself to imitate that weightiness
you will instead be slower to cope with his offense, so that he will find easy
to control over you. When Chuang Tzu says: “Have no gate, no opening, but make
oneness your house and live with what cannot be avoided. Then you will be close
to <Do>”3) he means the same thing.
1) To say differently, etiquette is verily the method of temperance.
2) LY1201 顔淵問仁. 子曰, "克己復禮爲仁. 一日克己復禮, 天下歸仁焉.
3) Chuang Tzu, 인간세 1, 无門无毒,一宅而寓於不得已,則幾矣.