5-1. Saram of Samjae
What is Saram of Samjae? In the principle of Taekwondo the way of Saram refers
to keeping always yourself as what you are, thus, not losing what you intend
to do.(Ch.12) To say differently, it is to pursue what you desire to do constantly.
In Cheon Bu Kyeong it
was said ¡°The one Heaven has a figure, the one Earth has two shapes, and the
one Man has three features,¡±1) so the way of
Saram can be expressed in three ways. Not to lose what you are as you are; this
is the way of Saram presented from the respect of Haneul. This says the transdistinctive
essence of the way of Saram. To return to your own central pose; this is the
way of Saram presented from the respect of Tang. This says the distinctive essence
of the way of Saram. Not to lose what you intend to do; this is the way of Saram
presented from the respect of Saram. This says its spiritual inside. It has
been said; "While no shape I have inherently I come to have it owing to
changes, and while not two things my body is it becomes three owing to its use,"2)and
this saying suggests same meaning of that the way of Saram can be presented
[Haneul of Saram] Not losing what you are you don't lose what you intend
to do. For every subjective is grounded on his own will. If a will, which is
a willingness, doesn't lose what it is it must preserve what it intends to do.
And then, it come to return to the most appropriate motion for its aim, which
is because ¡°Reversion is the action of <Do>.¡±3)Therefore,
everything come to get its own proper position. Thus, it becomes the Haneul
in Saram, not to lose what you are.
Let me take an example. ¡°A plant
begins as a seed and makes its roots and leaves, blooming a flower, then ends
up as a fruit, which contains many seeds again. All of these changes are due
to that all of them, i.e. a seed, a big tree and everything else, are nothing
but a kind of plant breathing together with the whole nature from the deep root
and many leaves. Otherwise, a seed would spoil to be a mere piece and a big
tree would be nothing more than a lump of wood. They would stop changes of a
life, growing no more./ Through all of these temporal processes the core is
its "being a plant", and in space the core is the earth where it roots.¡±(Ch.12)
center is what he intends to do, which is also the life: Nong Ak, a Korean
traditional folk dancing>
Likewise, the identity of a man, which is what he is, is to be determined by
both what he intends to do and the conditions that regulate his intention and
his capacity of doing it from both inside and outside of his intending. Its
center is verily what he intends to do, which is also the Life. Therefore Lao
Tzu said, too: ¡°He who does not lose his place (with Do) will endure. He who
dies but does not really perish enjoys long life.¡±4)
[Tang of Saram] Return to your own central pose in every change. It
is to collect yourself on your central pose. This is verily the huddling, which
is the condition of Kang-gi(technique). In order to follow continuously what
the opponent intends to do you should be ready all the way for that following.
Therefore you must flow from the prepared pose along what he intends to do,
back to your prepared pose again. This is the essence of Yu-gi(technique). The
couple of Kang-gi and Yu-gi is the entirety of Taekwondo technique, which enables
us to distinguish Taekwondo as what it is that is not another. Therefore, it
is Tang in Saram to return to your own central pose.
[Saram of Saram] You shouldn't lose what you intend to do. This is the
very natural figure of man who has his life. At the same time. it can be said
to be most essential. Therefore, it is the Saram in Saram again.
1) "ô¸Ý¬Ìè": ô¸ìéìéò¢ìéì£ìÑìéß². Its direct translation is like:
"The one Heaven is one, the one Earth is two, and the one Man is three."
2) ¼¼ ÇÑ¾ó ¸»¾¸ 5. ¼¼ ³ª[ß²ä²]: ä²ÜâÙíßÓ, ì×ü³êÓêó, ä²ô÷Ùíì£, âËéÄêÓß².
3) Lao Tsu, Tao Te Ching, 40.Úãíº, Ô³ñýÔÑ.
4) Lao Tsu, Tao Te Ching, 33. Üôã÷Ðìá¶íºÎù, ÞÝì»ÜôØÌíºáø.