Let me discuss how temperance penetrates all the principles of controlling
mind and body, and up to that of society.
"Taekwondo permeates your
inside through training and your life through yourself."(Ch.63) Therefore
the essential key of training is the temperance like that of technique. Lao
Tzu said, "there is no calamity greater than lavish desire, there is no
greater guilt than discontentment."1)
It means, training without temperance will be excessive, so it will only damage
your body. It is natural and reasonable that the main keys of technique and
training are same in this manner.
You can get temperance only when you have nothing excessive, and so, you can
only when you look out for nothing excessive also in your mind. If you get this
lookout in easy way along the right principle it is piousness. It means, "piousness
is the careful mind to keep everything in is own proper position, so that nothing
gets out of its way."(Ch.18) With this piousness you as a Taekwondo
man should look out for the three impartialities of yourself not to lose your
self; you should look out for the three excessiveness of your relationship not
to lose your friends; and you should look out for the three unbalance of surrounding
not to lose the world.(Ch.18) Therefore, "only
in the extremely controlled use Taekwondo can help achievement of contribution
to society and offer everyone positive and rich meaning of life, as it is intended."(Ch.17)
The attitude of lookout by piousness is alike 'the fasting of the mind' Chuang
Tzu said of. Therefore he said, "Confucious said, "Make your will
one! Don't listen with your ears, listen with your mind. No, don't listen with
your mind, but listen with your spirit. Listening stops with the ears, the mind
stops with recognition, but spirit is empty and waits on all things. The Way
gathers in emptiness alone. Emptiness is the fasting of the mind."2)
Why do we have to talk of lookout? All kinds of morality share same one substance,
but as each of them has different way of its own practice, they are divided
into numerous ones. The moral training of Taekwondo ought to be same as its
essence, and only then you can cultivate your moral personality in Taekwondo.
This is why you should pursue morality with attitude of lookout that is the
core of general martiality. It is the inner attitude not only of individual
behavior but also of defending a country. Wu-tzu(吳子) said; “as a rule, the best
way to secure a country is to be on your thorough guard”3),
which means the same thing.4)
1) Lao Tsu, Tao Te Ching, 46. 禍莫大於不知足, 咎莫大於欲得.
2) Chuang Tsu, 인간세 1, 回曰: 敢問心齋. 仲尼曰: 若一志,无聽之以耳而聽之以心,无聽之以心而聽之以氣! 耳止於聽,心止於符.氣也者,虛而待物者也.
3) 오자병법, 料敵第二, "夫安國家之道，先戒爲寶"
4) 어찌 국가를 안정시키는 방책이 오직 경계 뿐이겠는가? 하지만 무인(武人)으로서 오자가 말할 수 있는 최선의 방책은 경계가 된다. 왜냐하면
이것이 곧 무(태권도)의 핵심이기 때문이다.