5-7. Oneness of Haneul and Tang
To emphasize once more, Taekwondo is a martial art, which is <DO> centered
on what man intends to do and how he does. Therefore, "Intrinsically the
mind is root of everything"1) and the
ultimate objective of Taekwondo training is to have the oneness of the way of
Haneul and the way of Tang in the way of Saram. Referring to this Cheon Bu Kyeong
said ¡°Oneness of Haneul and Tang in Saram[ìÑñéô¸ò¢ìé]¡±. You should keep your everything
on its proper position(the way of Haneul) having the opponent opposed to the
world with your harmonization in it(the way of Tang) in preservation of what
you intend to do(the way of Saram) - What on earth could you even want more
than that if you get this <Oneness of Haneul and Tang in Saram> in Taekwondo?
¡°Therefore the sage travels all day without leaving his baggage.¡±2)
This is because following only what he intends to do he also stay in the harmony
with the world, so he can avoid exhaustion and confusion. This is same with
the "following your heart's desire not overstepping the boudaries of the
right"3) said by Confucius. Also it was
said in The Doctrine of the Mean; ¡°It is only he who is possessed of the most
complete sincerity that can exist under heaven, who can give its full development
to his own nature, he can do the same to the nature of other men. Able to give
its full development to the nature of other men, he can give their full development
to the natures of animals and things. Able to give their full development to
the natures of creatures and things, he can assist the transforming and nourishing
powers of Heaven and Earth. Able to assist the transforming and nourishing powers
of Heaven and Earth, he may with Heaven and Earth form Samjae,¡±4)
which has the same meaning. That is to say, to give its full development to
his own nature is to form Samjae with Heaven and Earth, which are another expressions
of same meaning.
The <Oneness of Haneul and Tang in Saram> of this kind is to have everything
complete through completion of the way of Saram. The method to complete this
way of Saram is achievment of the Great Mean. That is, "achieving the Mean
is the name for not erring to one side or the other, for being neither too much
nor too little,"5) so it is 'the Great
Mean' to avoid the extremities of change not erring to one side or the other
yet keep its middle.
1) ¡¸ô¸Ý¬Ìè¡¹, ÜâãýÜâ.
2) Lao Tsu, Tao Te Ching, 26, ãÀì¤á¡ìÑðûìíú¼Üô×îöÊñì.
3) Confucian Analects, LY0204 öÒä¨ì»ðôãýá¶é°, Üôë²Ï».
4) The Doctrine of the Mean, 22-01 êîô¸ù»ò¸á¤ êÓÒöò×Ðìàõ Òöò×ÐìàõöÎÒöò×ìÑñýàõ Òöò×ìÑñýàõöÎÒöò×Úªñýàõ
Òöò×Úªñý àõöÎÊ¦ì¤óÇô¸ò¢ñýûùëÀ Ê¦ì¤óÇô¸ò¢ñýûùëÀöÎÊ¦ì¤æ¨ô¸ò¢óÑëø
5) Fung Yu-Lan, The Spirit of Chinese Philosophy, Greenwood Press, Publishers,